Unit 30

bill [bii] n. A bill is a statement of money owed for goods or a service. -» I have so many bills that I do not know how to pay for them all. r boundary [baundsri] n. A boundary is the line where one area of land stops, and another begins. -* This fence shows […]

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Unit 29

automobile [o:tamsbi:l] n. An automobile is a car. -> The first automobiles were very different from the ones that exist today. candidate [ksendideit] n. A candidate is a person who is competing to win something such as a job. -*■Alice is the best candidate for the job. confidential [kdnfidenjal] adj. If something is confidential, it […]

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Unit 28

avail [aveil] n. Avail is help. It is often used in the achievement of a goal. -+ His studying was to no avail because he failed the test. expand [ikspaend] v. To expand is to become bigger in size. -+ A balloon will expand as you blow air into it. define [difain] v. To define […]

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Unit 27

beneficial [benatp] adj. If something is beneficial, it is good for you. -* Drinking milk everyday is beneficial to your bones. birthplace [baxepleis] n. A birthplace is a place where a person is born or where something started. -* China is the birthplace of chopsticks. capacity [kspaesati] n. The capacity of something is the amount […]

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Unit 26

a s s u m p t io n [esAmpJsn] n. An assumption is something that you believe is true but cannot prove. -> I went to the cafeteria on the assumption that everyone would be there. r b a r l e y t a i ] n. Barley is a grain that is […]

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Unit 25

aircraft [carkrasft] n. An aircraft is a vehicle that flies in the sky, such as an airplane or helicopter. -+ At the museum in the airport, you can see a lot of old aircraft. celebrity [salebrati] n. A celebrity is someone who is famous. -♦ It was the highlight of the evening when the celebrities […]

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Unit 24

c h e rish [tjerij] v. To cherish something means to hold it as very important. -* I cherish this trophy I won. C O m p a S S iO tl [kampsejan] n. Compassion is a feeling of understanding for someone who is hurt or suffering. — The veterinarian had compassion for the sick […]

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Unit 23

accurate [aekjarit] adj. If something is accurate, it is completely correct. -* The story in the newspaper wasn’t very accurate. r analyze [aenalaiz] v. To analyze something is to study it. -♦ The scientist will analyze the blood sample. r asteroid [sestaroid] n. An asteroid is a giant rock from outer space. -» In 1908, […]

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Unit 22

charity [tfaerati] n. Charity is an act of giving help, usually money, to those who need it. -* Thanks to his friends’ charity, he had enough money to pay the rent. commerce [komars] n. Commerce is the activity of buying and selling things. -*■ The new shopping mall increased the commerce in that section of […]

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Unit 21

background [bsekgraund] n. A background is a person’s education, family, and experience. -* The new teacher had a background in science and math. bait [beit] n. Bait is something used to trick a person or thing to do something. -* The best bait for catching fish is a big, fat worm. chronicle [kranikl] v. To […]

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Unit 20

betray [bitreO v. To betray someone means to treat them in a dishonest way. — The man betrayed his country when he gave away national secrets. blast [blaest] n. A blast is a loud noise made by something that explodes. -* There was a loud blast when the police officer fired the gun. p bracelet […]

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Unit 19

a fflicte d [efliktid] adj. Afflicted means to suffer physically or mentally. -* He was afflicted by pain in his right arm. aisle [ail] n. An aisle is a space between two things that people use to walk. -* They were told to clear the aisle because the plane was about to land. atmosphere [aetmasfiar] […]

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Unit 18

a c c e n t [aeksent] n. An accent is a certain way of speaking that shows where a person is from. -* The new teacher’s accent was clearly a German one. r barber [barbar] n. A barber is a person whose job is to cut hair. -> My hair is getting much too […]

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Unit 17

civilization [sivelizeijan] n. A civilization is an organized group of humans that have culture and government -* Most early civilizations in Central America didn’t use metal weapons. C o n v e n ie n t [kenvfinjent] adj. When something is convenient, it is easy to do and does not take a lot of work. […]

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Unit 16

altogether [oiltagedar] adv. If something happens altogether, it happens completely. — The company stopped using sugar altogether in its food. r bind [baind] v. To bind is to bring people together. -* The victims of the flood were bound by their need to help each other. r bruise [bru:z] n. A bruise is a dark […]

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Unit 15

although [oildou] conj. You use although to say that one thing is contrasted by another. -> Although she was late, her friends gave her a warm welcome. apply [aplai] v. To apply something means to put it on. -* She always applies makeup to her face before going outside. await [aweit] v. To await something […]

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Unit 14

brick [brik] n. A brick is a block of hard clay that is used for building things, such as walls. — There were several bricks scattered on the ground. crumble [krAmbl] v. To crumble means to break or fall apart into small pieces. -* The old house’s walls crumbled into a pile of rock and […]

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Unit 13

affect [afekt] v. To affect someone or something is to have an influence over them. -» The student’s poor attitude affected the other students in the class. autograph [5:tagraef] n. An autograph is the written name of a famous person. -» Everybody wanted the movie star’s autograph. bead [bi:d] n. A bead is a drop […]

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Unit 12

alternative [o:lta:mativ] rt. An alternative is something that you can choose instead of your first choice. -* Her first plan to make extra money seemed weak, so she chose an alternative. avenue [aevaryu:] n. An avenue is a road, often a large one with buildings on each side. -*■Drive down this avenue and then turn […]

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Unit 11

a llia n c e fe ig n s] n. An alliance is a group of people who work together. -* The junior executives formed an alliance with each other. a p p la u s e M o z] n. Applause is the noise made when people clap hands to show approval. -* At […]

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Unit 10

animate [senamit] adj. When something is animate, it has life. — Rocks and machines are not animate things. C l a s s i f y [klsesafai] v. To classify things is to put them into groups based on their type. -* The biologist classified the plant as a completely new species. concede [kansi.d] v. […]

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Unit 9

alongside [sb:rjsaid] adv. If something is alongside another thing, then it is next to it. — We work alongside each other in the office. appetite [sepitait] n. Your appetite is your hunger for food. -* Tom has a big appetite. He eats all the time. assist [asfst] v. To assist someone is to help them. […]

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Unit 8

a C C e S S [aekses] n. Access is the right to enter or use something. -* The manager was the only person with access to the password. conduct [kandAkt] n. Conduct is the way that someone acts. -*•She was punished for her bad conduct. constant [kanstant] adj. When an event or action is […]

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Unit 7

aCCOUnt [akaunt] n. An account with a bank is an arrangement to keep one’s money there. -*■After I paid for the new car, my bank account was nearly empty. architect [dirkitekt] n. An architect is a person who designs buildings. -+ The plans for building the new home were drawn by a famous architect. conceal […]

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Unit 6

absolute [aebsaluit] adj. If something is absolute, it is total or complete. —*My presentation was an absolute disaster! It was terrible! alas [alaes] int. Alas is a word that people say when something bad happens. -* I looked everywhere for my purse, but alas, I couldn’t find it. attentive [atentiv] adj. If you are attentive, […]

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Unit 5

awhile [a/?wail] adv. If you do something awhile, you do it for a short time. -* Wait here awhile, and I’ll bring some tea. cyberspace [saibarspeis] n. Cyberspace is the imaginary place of the Internet where activities occur. -+ I didn’t receive your email. It probably got lost in cyberspace. edit [edit] v. To edit […]

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Unit 4

b e a k [beak] n. A beak is the hard curved part of a bird’s mouth. -♦ The bird used her beak to dig a small hole in the ground. damp [dsemp] adj. If something is damp, it is somewhat wet. -» My hair is still damp from my shower. disapprove [disapru:v] v. To […]

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Unit 3

admonish fedmanij] * To admonish someone is to tell them you disapprove of their behavior. -* The teacher admonished Mark because he was chewing gum in class. audible [5 :dabl] adj. If something is audible, then it is able to be heard. -» The sound of the drums was audible from miles away. awesome [d:sam] […]

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Unit 2

accident [seksidant] n. An accident is an unexpected undesirable event. She had to go to the hospital after she was in a serious car accident. a d m ir a l [aedmaral] n. An admiral is someone who controls many military ships. -» They won the sea battle because of the admiral’s great leadership. a […]

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Unit 1

a r o m a [arouma] n. An aroma is a scent or smell. -* I love the aroma of coffee in the morning. beverage [bevaridj] n. A beverage is a drink. — The waiter brought our beverages first. Then he brought our food. cluster [klAstar] n. A cluster of things is a small group […]

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