Unit 30

burden [baxdn] n. A burden is a serious or difficult responsibility. —►Children who do not behave are a burden to their parents. compromise [kdmpramaiz] v. To compromise is to agree to something that is not exactly what you want. -* We both compromised about the game we decided to play. Craft [kraeft] v. To craft […]

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Unit 29

antique [asntiik] adj. If something is antique, it is very old and rare, and therefore valuable. —»My grandmother’s antique rocking chair is worth a lot of money. applicant [sepliksnt] n. An applicant is someone who writes a request to be considered for a job or prize. -*■Lots of applicants came into the store when the […]

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Unit 28

aquarium [akwtsriam] n. An aquarium is a building where fish and underwater animals are kept. —►We took a trip to the aquarium and saw a scary shark. arbitrary [airbitreri] adj. If something is arbitrary, it is not based on any plan or system, so it seems random. —►The classroom had many arbitrary rules that made […]

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Unit 27

adapt [adaept] v. To adapt means to change in order to deal with a new situation or addition. —♦ When he went to the new town, he had to adapt to all the weather changes. biological [b aiald d 3 ikal] adj. Biological describes the process of life and living things. —►In science, we learned […]

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Unit 26

behalf [bihsef] n. If something is done on one’s behalf, it is done for that person by another. —>The original speaker was sick, so his son gave the speech on his behalf. flap [flaep] v. To flap means to move quickly up and down or from side to side. —►The tiny bird flapped its wings […]

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Unit 25

aesthetic [eseetik] adj. If something is aesthetic, then it is concerned with a love of beauty. —►The dresses were noteworthy for their aesthetic design. arrogant [aeragant] adj. If someone is arrogant, they think that they are more important than others. —►He is very arrogant. Even though he’s not the boss, he tells everyone what to […]

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Unit 24

bankrupt [baer)krApt] adj. If someone is bankrupt, then they are unable to pay their debts. —► The store had few customers and soon went bankrupt. conform [kanfoxm] v. To conform to rules or laws is to obey them. —►The new student had to conform to the school’s dress code. employ [impldi] v. To employ someone […]

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Unit 23

astronomical [aestranamikkal] adj. If something is astronomical, then it is extremely large. —♦It’s an astronomical distance between the Milky Way galaxy and the nearest galaxy. atom [getam] n. An atom is the smallest unit of a substance. —►A molecule consists of a combination of two or more atoms. breadth [brede] n. Breadth is the distance […]

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Unit 22

acid [eesid] n. An acid is a chemical that can burn or dissolve other substances. —*In chemistry class, we mixed two acids together and watched the reaction. administration [adminastreijan] n. An administration is the group of people who manage a company or organization. —►She hoped she could be promoted to a job in the administration. […]

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Unit 21

astounded [astaundid] adj. If you are astounded, you are very surprised. —►I was astounded that Monica won the art competition. attribute [aetribjuit] n. An attribute is a characteristic of a person or thing. -* He isn’t very clever, but he does have some other positive attributes. bilingual [bailfngwal] adj. If someone is bilingual, then they […]

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Unit 20

a g g re g a te [cfegragit] adj. When a number is aggregate, it is made up of smaller amounts added together. -♦ The company totaled its aggregate sales for the entire year. antibiotic [aentibaidtik] n. An antibiotic is a medical drug used to kill bacteria and treat infections. -> The doctor gave me […]

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Unit 19

accordingly [akordir)li] adv. If someone acts accordingly, they act in a way that is suitable. —►He feels like he did a good job, and his boss should pay him accordingly. anchor [aeokar] n. An anchor is a heavy object dropped from a boat to make it stay in one place. —►When the ship reached its […]

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Unit 18

aggressive [agresiv] adj. If someone is aggressive, then they constantly want to fight. —*•Nobody liked to play games with him because he was always too aggressive. a m n e s t y [aemnasti] n. Amnesty is a pardon given to prisoners of war. —»She was denied amnesty for her involvement in the war. arena […]

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Unit 17

attorney [atami] n. An attorney is one who gives others advice about the law. —*The attorney appeared in front of the judge for me. chronic [krdnik] adj. When something is chronic, it happens over and over again over time. —►He had chronic pain in his chest and needed to see a doctor. discipline [disaplin] n. […]

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Unit 16

addict [aedfkt] n. An addict is a person who cannot stop doing or having something. —►She was a coffee addict. She had more than three cups each day. archeological [a:rkialad3 ikal] adj. When something is archeological, it relates to archeology. —►They found archeological evidence that proved an ancient species of man. archeology [d:rkialad3 i] n. […]

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Unit 15

a c c e s s o r y [aekseseri] n. An accessory is a thing that is added to another thing to make it look better. -* The store sold colorful accessories like bags, sunglasses, and makeup. acquisition [askwazijan] n. An acquisition is something that a person buys or gets in some way. —*Marty […]

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Unit 14

a s s e t [aeset] n. An asset is a skill or quality that is useful or valuable. —►The coach realized the boy’s speed was an asset to the team. aspect [aespekt] n. An aspect is one part or feature of something. —►I thought about the different aspects of owning two dogs. Braille [breil] […]

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Unit 13

b r o o k [bruk] n. A brook is a small stream. -+ Water flows down several brooks on the mountain. cater [keitar] v. To cater to someone means to provide them with all the things needed or wanted. —►Bill was too sick to get out of bed, so his nurse catered to his […]

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Unit 12

anthropology [a3narapalad3i] n. Anthropology is the study of people, society, and culture. —*■In anthropology class, I learned about simple tools that ancient cultures used. applaud [opI6:d] v. To applaud means to clap in order to show approval. —►Everyone cheered and applauded Manny’s efforts. appoint [apoint] V. To appoint someone to a job means to give […]

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Unit 11

a C U te [ekjurt] adj. When a bad thing is acute, it is very severe and intense. -> When she fell out of the tree, the girl felt an acute pain in her arm. aggression lagrejan] n. Aggression is behavior that is mean or violent to others. —►The problem was only made worse by […]

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Unit 10

accountant [akauntsnt] n. An accountant is a person whose job is to keep financial accounts. —►The accountant helped me keep track of my money. capitalist Eksepitelist] n. A capitalist is a business person who invests in trade and industry for profit. —►The capitalist invested in a factory that made wheat into cereal. C o n […]

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Unit 9

archaic [axkeik] adj. If something is archaic, it is very old or outdated. -* To be competitive, we must update our archaic equipment. benevolent [banevslant] adj. If someone is benevolent, they are kind and generous. —►My father was a benevolent man and gave lots of money to charity. brass [braes] n. Brass is a metal […]

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Unit 8

adept [adept] adj. If someone is adept at something, they are very good at doing it. —►The carpenter is very adept at building houses. barren [bseran] adj. If land is barren, it has no plants growing on it. —»People cannot farm in barren lands. ceramic [saraemik] adj. If something is ceramic, it is made of […]

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Unit 7

a q u a t ic [aekwatik] adj. If a plant or animal is aquatic, it lives or grows in water. —►The dolphin is an aquatic mammal. biosphere [baiasfiar] n. The biosphere is the earth’s surface and atmosphere where there are living things. -> Birds, trees, and worms all thrive in the biosphere. bizarre [bizar] […]

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Unit 6

a lt it u d e [aeltety’uid] n. The altitude of a place is its height above sea level. -» The air was thin at such a high altitude on the mountain. Coastline [koustlain] n. A coastline is the outline of a country’s coast. -> He noticed that most of the cities in Australia are […]

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Unit 5

assess [ases] v. To assess something means to judge the structure, purpose, or quality of it. -* She assessed the condition of the toy car before buying it. astonish [astamj] V. To astonish someone means to greatly surprise them. —►The amount of people that came to her party astonished her. commence [kamens] v. To commence […]

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Unit 4

a d m in is t r a t o r [asdmfnastreita/-] n. An administrator is a person who controls a business, company, or organization. —»Everyone in the store did whatever the administrator asked them to do. affluent [cfeflu(:)ant] adj. If someone is affluent, they are wealthy. -* People in the city are usually more […]

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Unit 3

analytic [asneUtik] adj. If something is analytic, it is related to logic and reasoning. —»The analytic article criticized the new plan and presented one of its own. a s s e r t [asart] v. To assert a fact or belief means to state it with confidence. -* He asserted that his mother’s cooking was […]

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Unit 2

abbey [sebi] n. An abbey is a house or group of houses where monks or nuns live. —»When the monk returned to the abbey, he went immediately to his bedroom. abundant [abAndant] adj. If something is abundant, then it is available in large quantities. —►Cakes, cookies, and candy were so abundant that the child was […]

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Unit 1

allot [slat] V. To allot something means to give it to someone. —►The coach allotted each team five minutes to prepare a strategy. appall [apd:l] v. To appall means to horrify, shock, or disgust someone. —►The boy was appalled when he saw the accident. cache [RaeJ] n. A cache is a hiding place forvaluable things. […]

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