24. Work

The benefits of staying in the same job for life Employees have a stable career with one employer They have a good pension and health insurance Their salaries gradually increase They may be promoted within the organization They demonstrate loyalty Experienced staff can be trusted with more responsibility They become part of a team There […]

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23. Water

Importance of clean water Water is as necessary natural resource Humans need access to clean, safe drinking water in order to live Poor water quality is a major cause of disease and death in some countries Water usually needs to be treated before we can drink it Developing countries often lack the means to treat […]

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22. Transport

Traffic problems Traffic congestion is caused by commuters travelling to work Most people live in the suburbs outside city centre Commuters tend to travel at the same time of day They tend to travel alone Cars and road space are not used efficiently This causes traffic jams during the rush hour Traffic solutions In order […]

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21. Traditional vs Modern

Losing traditional skills Because of industrialization and global trade, many traditions have disappeared Global advertising encourages everyone to buy the same products Most products are now made in factories Machinery has replaced skilled human labour Factory work is boring and leaves people feeling unfulfilled Goods are produced very quickly and in large numbers Products are […]

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20. Tourism

Positives of Tourism Tourism is a popular leisure activity People go on holiday to relax and have fun Tourists can experience different cultures They can sunbathe on beaches or go sight-seeing Travelling abroad opens our minds We can learn to speak other languages The tourist trade is vital for some economies It creates employment in […]

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19. Television, Internet, Phones

Positives of television Watching television is a good way to relax It is many people’s favorite way to wind down after a hard day at work Television programs can be entertaining and enjoyable Viewers have access to a huge variety of entertainment channels Television brings the best comedians, musicians and actors into our homes Programmers […]

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18. Sport and Leisure

Arguments against Professional/competitive sport Sport has become a business Professional sport encourages people to compete for money Many sports stars are only concerned about money and fame Some athletes take drugs in order to win at any cost Competitors are often selfish and rude They are not good role models for children All sports should […]

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17. Personality

Happiness Happiness means different things to different people It can be described as a feeling of pleasure or enjoyment People enjoy spending time with family and friends Hobbies, sports and games can be a source of fun and enjoyment Some people see money as a source of happiness Other people define happiness as something deeper […]

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16. Money

Money and Society Society has become increasingly materialistic People aspire to earn more money They want a bigger house or a better car We connect wealth and material possessions with happiness and success Brands like “Armani” or ”Mercedes” are status symbols Advertising creates new desires and needs It persuades us to buy the latest styles […]

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15. Language

English as an international language English is widely used around the world It is becoming a global second language It is the dominant language of technology, science and international business International business meetings are regularly held in English The most important textbooks and journals are published in English The ability to speak English is a […]

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14. Housing and Architecture

State/council housing In some countries the government provides state or council housing This helps people who cannot afford to buy their own house It can be argued that state housing creates dependence on the government People should be rely on the government to look after them People have no incentive to earn money and buy […]

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13. Health

Diet The human body requires a balanced diet An unhealthy diet can cause various health problems Obesity, diabetes and heart disease are on the increase Many people nowadays rely on fast food or pre-prepared meals These foods often contain too much fat, salt and sugar They are cheap to buy and very easy to prepare […]

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12. Guns and Weapons

Why guns should be legal: In some countries, people are allowed to own firearms Individuals have the right to protect themselves People can use guns in self defence This deters criminals Why gun ownership should be illegal: There is a risk of accidents with guns The number of violent crimes increases when guns are available […]

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11. Government and Society

What governments can do Governments provide public services like healthcare and education They support people who are living in poverty or unable to work Governments raise money by taxing working people They can spend money on resources and campaigns They can introduce new laws They can impose taxes They can raise people’s awareness of issues […]

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10. Global issues

Problems in developing countries Developing countries face a range if problems Standards of healthcare and education are low Life expectancy is usually lower than in developed countries There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing Many people are forced to live in poverty Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short […]

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9. Genetic Engineering

Positives of genetic engineering Genetic engineering is the practice of manipulating the genes of an organism It is used to produce crops that are more resistant to insects and diseases Some genetically modified crops grow more quickly Some drugs and vaccines are produced by genetic engineering It may become possible to change human’s genetic characteristics. […]

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8. Gender

Gender and education Men and women should have access to the same educational opportunities Males and females should be accepted onto courses according to their abilities It is wrong to discriminate against students because of their gender Gender should be irrelevant in education Student’s achievements should depend on hard work and individual merit In the […]

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7. Family

Family size Families in many countries are not as large as they used to be We tend to live in small nuclear families rather than large extended families Parents tend to have fewer children Young children are no longer expected to work Nowadays both parents often work It costs so much to bring children up […]

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6. Environment

Global warming Gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat from the sun This causes global temperatures to rise This process is known as the greenhouse effect Human activity is a major factor in the rise of the greenhouse gases Factories and vehicles produce emissions and exhaust fumes Many developing countries are becoming industrialized The number […]

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5. Education

Benefits of education Education gives people knowledge and skills People with qualification are more likely to find work They can earn a higher salary They can contribute positively to society Schools aim to teach young people moral values such as tolerance and sharing Schools prepare children to be members of a society Benefits of Studying […]

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4. Crime

Police and Crime Prevention The job of the polices is to catch criminals They must also prevent crime and make communities safer There should be an increase in the number of police officers on the streets Police officers should be seen as part of the community They should be involved with education and prevention The […]

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3. Cities

Reasons for Urbanization People move to cities in search of job opportunities Cities offer greater employment possibilities and a higher standard of living People migrate to cities from the countryside Traditional activities like farming need fewer workers nowadays Negatives of City Life Life in cities has its drawbacks The cost of living is higher than […]

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2. Animal rights

Arguments for Animal testing Animals are used in important scientific research It is necessary to do medical tests on new drugs Animal testing helps to advance medical and scientific knowledge Many important medical discoveries involved experimentation on animals Researchers aim to minimize the suffering that animals experience Testing for the cosmetics industry is now banned […]

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1. Advertising

Positives of Advertising Advertising is a key part of modern business Companies need to tell customers about their products Advertisements inform us about the choices we have Advertising is a creative industry that employs many people Without advertising we would have less choice Without advertising there would be higher unemployment Advertising is a form of […]

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