Unit 46

The bar chart below shows the proportions of English men and women of different ages who were living alone in 2011. The pie chart compares the numbers of bedrooms in these one-person households. The two charts give information about single-occupant households in England in the year 2011. The bar chart compares figures for occupants’ age […]

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Unit 45

The chart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002 The bar chart compares the amount of time spent by people in the UK on three different types of phone call between 1995 and 2002. It is clear that calls made via […]

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Unit 44

The pie charts below show how dangerous waste products are dealt with in three countries.   The charts compare Korea, Sweden and the UK in terms of the methods used in each country to dispose of harmful waste. It is clear that in both the UK and Sweden, the majority of dangerous waste products are […]

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Unit 43.

The charts below compare the age structure of the populations of France and India in 1984. The two charts compare the populations of France and India in terms of age distribution by gender in the year 1984. It is clear that the population of India was younger than that of France in 1984, with a […]

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Unit 42

The diagram below shows how solar panels can be used to provide electricity for domestic use.   The picture illustrates the process of producing electricity in a home using solar panels. It is clear that there are five distinct stages in this process, beginning with the capture of energy from sunlight. The final two steps […]

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Unit 41

The table below shows changes in the numbers of residents cycling to work in different areas of the UK between 2001 and 2011. The table compares the numbers of people who cycled to work in twelven areas of the UK in the years 2001 and 2011. Overall, the number of UK commuters who travelled to […]

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Unit 40

The pie charts compare the expenditure of a school in the UK in three different years over a 20-year period. It is clear that teachers’ salaries made up the largest proportion of the school’s spending in all three years (1981, 1991 and 2001). By contrast, insurance was the smallest cost in each year. In 1981, […]

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Unit 39

The diagrams below show how houses can be protected in areas which are prone to flooding. Here’s my full band 9 report: The diagrams compare two different methods of defence for homes which are at risk of being flooded. The key difference between the diagrams is that they show flood protection with and without a […]

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Unit 38

The chart below shows the process of waste paper recycling. The flow chart shows how waste paper is recycled. It is clear that there are six distinct stages in this process, from the initial collection of waste paper to the eventual production of usable paper. At the first stage in the paper recycling process, waste […]

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Unit 37

The graph below shows trends in US meat and poultry consumption. (Note: I’m ignoring the forecast and treating 2012 as a past year) The line graph shows changes in the per capita consumption of beef, pork, broilers and turkey in the United States between 1955 and 2012. It is noticeable that beef was by far […]

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Unit 36

Note: I’ve underlined some good phrases. The bar chart shows the number of hot dogs and buns eaten in 15 minutes by the winners of ‘Nathan’s Hot Dog Eating Contest’ in Brooklyn, USA between 1980 and 2010. It is noticeable that the number of hot dogs and buns eaten by winners of the contest increased […]

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Unit 35

The map shows the growth of a village called Chorleywood between 1868 and 1994. It is clear that the village grew as the transport infrastructure was improved. Four periods of development are shown on the map, and each of the populated areas is near to the main roads, the railway or the motorway. From 1868 […]

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Unit 34

The bar graph shows the global sales (in billions of dollars) of different types of digital games between 2000 and 2006. The bar chart compares the turnover in dollars from sales of video games for four different platforms, namely mobile phones, online, consoles and handheld devices, from 2000 to 2006. It is clear that sales […]

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Unit 33

nymph = immature form of an insect moult = shed or lose old feathers, hair or skin to allow for new growth The diagram illustrates the various stages in the life of a honey bee. We can see that the complete life cycle lasts between 34 and 36 days. It is also noticeable that there […]

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Unit 32

Here’s my full essay using last week’s ideas: The line graph compares average yearly spending by Americans on mobile and landline phone services from 2001 to 2010. It is clear that spending on landline phones fell steadily over the 10-year period, while mobile phone expenditure rose quickly. The year 2006 marks the point at which […]

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Unit 31

The graph below shows the average number of UK commuters travelling each day by car, bus or train between 1970 and 2030. Here’s the essay I wrote with my students’ help: The line graph compares figures for daily travel by workers in the UK using three different forms of transport over a period of 60 […]

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Unit 30

The two maps below show an island, before and after the construction of some tourist facilities. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words The diagrams illustrate some changes to a small island which has been developed for tourism. It is clear that […]

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Unit 29

The table compares the percentages of people using different functions of their mobile phones between 2006 and 2010. Throughout the period shown, the main reason why people used their mobile phones was to make calls. However, there was a marked increase in the popularity of other mobile phone features, particularly the Internet search feature. In […]

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Unit 28

The chart below shows the total number of Olympic medals won by twelve different countries. The bar chart compares twelve countries in terms of the overall number of medals that they have won at the Olympic Games. It is clear that the USA is by far the most successful Olympic medal winning nation. It is […]

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Unit 27

Average weekly household expenditure by region, 2007-09 Weekly expenditure (£) Here are my 10 sentences: 1. The bar chart shows average weekly spending by households in different areas of England between 2007 and 2009. 2. Households in the south of the country spent more on average than those in the north. 3. Average weekly spending […]

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Unit 26

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries. The line graph compares the percentage of people aged 65 or more in three countries over a period of 100 years. It is clear that the proportion of elderly people increases in each country […]

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Unit 25

The chart below shows numbers of incidents and injuries per 100 million passenger miles travelled (PMT) by transportation type in 2002. The bar chart compares the number of incidents and injuries for every 100 million passenger miles travelled on five different types of public transport in 2002. It is clear that the most incidents and […]

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Unit 24

The bar charts compare students of different ages in terms of why they are studying and whether they are supported by an employer. It is clear that the proportion of students who study for career purposes is far higher among the younger age groups, while the oldest students are more likely to study for interest. […]

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Unit 23

The climograph below shows average monthly temperatures and rainfall in the city of Kolkata. The chart compares average figures for temperature and precipitation over the course of a calendar year in Kolkata. It is noticeable that monthly figures for precipitation in Kolkata vary considerably, whereas monthly temperatures remain relatively stable. Rainfall is highest from July […]

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Unit 22

The map below is of the town of Garlsdon. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two possible sites for the supermarket. (From Cambridge IELTS 5) Here is some advice: 1.Introduction– Just paraphrase the question (instead of ‘two possible sites’ you could write ‘two potential locations’). 2.Summary– The main point is […]

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Unit 21

The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999. The table gives information about poverty rates among six types of household in Australia in the year 1999. It is noticeable that levels of poverty were higher for single people than for couples, and people with children […]

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Unit 20

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries. The charts compare the amount of water used for agriculture, industry and homes around the world, and water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is clear that global water needs rose significantly between […]

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Unit 19

The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002. The table shows percentages of consumer expenditure for three categories of products and services in five countries in 2002. It is clear that the largest proportion of consumer spending in each country went on food, drinks and tobacco. […]

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Unit 18

The diagram below shows how the Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts. The figure illustrates the process used by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to forecast the weather. There are four stages in the process, beginning with the collection of information about the weather. This information […]

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Unit 17

The charts below show the levels of participation in education and science in developing and industrialised countries in 1980 and 1990. The three bar charts show average years of schooling, numbers of scientists and technicians, and research and development spending in developing and developed countries. Figures are given for 1980 and 1990. It is clear […]

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Unit 16

Full essay (159 words): The chart gives information about UK immigration, emigration and net migration between 1999 and 2008. Both immigration and emigration rates rose over the period shown, but the figures for immigration were significantly higher. Net migration peaked in 2004 and 2007. In 1999, over 450,000 people came to live in the UK, […]

Unit 14

The diagrams below are existing and proposed floor plans for the redevelopment of an art gallery. Here’s my advice: 1. Introduction: paraphrase the question 2. Summary: the main changes to the gallery (entrance and use of space) 3. Paragraph comparing entrance, lobby, office, education area 4. Paragraph comparing use of space for exhibitions The first […]

Unit 12

The diagrams below show some principles of house design for cool and for warm climates. Although this question is different from the normal graph/chart questions, you should structure your answer in the same way. Try to write 4 paragraphs: 1.Introduction: paraphrase the question. 2.Summary: describe the main differences – the design of the roof and […]

Unit 10

The line graph compares the percentage of people in three countries who used the Internet between 1999 and 2009. It is clear that the proportion of the population who used the Internet increased in each country over the period shown. Overall, a much larger percentage of Canadians and Americans had access to the Internet in […]

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Unit 8

The pie charts below compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest of the world. The pie charts give information about the water used for residential, industrial and agricultural purposes in San Diego County, California, and the world as a whole. It is noticeable that more water is consumed by homes than by […]

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Unit 5

The tables below give information about sales of Fairtrade*-labelled coffee and bananas in 1999 and 2004 in five European countries. *Fairtrade: a category of products for which farmers from developing countries have been paid an officially agreed fair price. The tables show the amount of money spent on Fairtrade coffee and bananas in two separate […]