abuse [ebju:z] v.
To abuse someone or something means to hurt them on purpose.
-►The mean man abused his dog when it barked too loudly.
r afford [afoxd] *
To afford something means you have enough money to pay for it.
-►I’ve been saving my money, so I can afford to buy a new bike.
r bake tbeik] *
To bake means to cook food with heat.
-*■My sister is a good cook. She bakes delicious cakes.
r bean [bkn] n.
A bean is a plant seed that is good to eat.
-*■There are many different kinds of beans to eat.
r candle Ikaendl] n.
A candle is a stick of wax that is lit on fire for light or heat.
-» When the lights went out, we lit some candles.
c convert [kenva:/t] v.
To convert something means to change it into something else.
-* The man converted his messy field into a garden of flowers.
r debt [det] n.
A debt is an amount of money that a person owes.
—■ I have not paid my gas bill. I owe a debt to the gas company.
r decrease [dkkrts] *
To decrease something is to make it less than it was before.
-*•Hiring more police officers has decreased crime in the city.
r fault [fo:It] n.
A fault is a mistake.
-*■It is my fault that the cat ran away. I left the door open.
r fund if And] n.
A fund is an amount of money that people have.
-» We all put money into our club’s fund.
generous [d3eneras] a d j.
When someone is generous, they like to give things to people.
-* The generous man donated several new computers to our school.
r ingredient [ingrtdiant] n.
An ingredient is something that is part of a food dish.
-* The main ingredients in cake are eggs, sugar and flour.
r insist [insist] v.
To insist means to be firm in telling people what to do.
-*■I insist that you try some of these cookies.
C m e S S [mes] n.
A mess is a condition that is not clean or neat.
-*•Heather’s room was a complete mess.
c metal [meto n.
Metal is a strong material people use to build things.
-*•Steel is a common metal that is used to build buildings.
r monitor [manitar] v.
To monitor people or things is to watch them closely.
-*■The teacher monitors the students when they take tests.
r oppose [apouz] v.
To oppose something means to dislike it or act against it.
-*■I want to be a police officer because I oppose crime.
r passive [paesiv] a.
If a person is passive, they do not take action to solve problems.
-»Marcie is so passive that she never solves her own problems.
r quantity [kwantati] n.
A quantity is a certain amount of something.
-* I have a small quantity of milk in my glass.
r sue [su:J v.
To sue someone is to take them to court for something wrong they did.
-* I sued the company after I slipped on a banana peel in their hallway.
The Mean Chef
Once there was a chef, who was mean to his cooks. He was mean to the
people who came in to eat. He charged too much for meals. Many people were
not able to afford the cheapest bean dish. When his metal oven broke, he did
not have it fixed. So everything baked in it burned. The only light was from
candles, and the whole place was a mess. Sometimes, he didn’t pay his waiters.
Since they had no funds, they had many debts.
The chef behaved this way all the time. He monitored the cooks and yelled if
they did not do things his way.
One day, the cooks decided that they were tired of the abuse and that they
would not be passive anymore. Everyone opposed the chef. At first, they thought
about suing him. Instead, they tied up the chef with rope. Now, they controlled
the restaurant! They decreased the price of food. They used the best ingredients
and made large quantities of food. They turned on the lights. The restaurant was
converted into a happy place. For the first time, many people came to eat.
The chef realized that the restaurant’s problems were his
fault. The chef learned an important lesson. The
new, generous chef insisted on giving the
customers a free meal.