abide [abaid] v.
To abide by something, like a rule, means to obey it.
—►If you want to play the game with us, you must be willing to abide by our rules.
conversion [kanva:r3

Preparing ofthe Future
Overpopulation is a big problem in the world today. Too many people are crammed
into cities and towns around the globe. Earth’s population is about 6.5 billion people. This
number is growing every day. In just 50 years, the population will be almost 9 billion.
Many people worry that the Earth won’t have enough resources to support so many
people. One major reason for this is that wasting resources and polluting have become
habitual behaviors. Industrial output results in polluting the air with dangerous fumes.
Also, cars and machines waste a ton of important natural resources like oil and water. It’s
possible that the Earth may become so damaged that it cannot support a large population
of humans.
Another issue is the lack of useful land for cultivating crops. Even today, many people
subsist on mere scraps of food and little water. In 50 years, many experts worry that huge
numbers of people will starve to death. So what is being done to prepare for the future?
People are realizing they can no longer justify their wasteful behavior or defer action
to fix it. Many car companies already have patents on prototypes for very efficient cars.
Such cars waste no resources and produce no pollution. A conversion to clean cars means
that petroleum can be saved for the future. In addition, the environmental sectors of many
governments are setting strict rules for industries that pollute too much. If companies do
not abide by the standards, they are penalized with higher taxes. In some cases, their
operations might be suspended altogether.
Food is also an issue that is being
tackled. Many countries are now
subscribing to the point of view that
immediate action is needed. They are
determining ways to export goods to people ^ k .4
in need, so that no one goes hungry. Experts
will continue to come up
with ideas for the future,
and a synthesis of these
ideas will help to support the
growing population.