bankrupt [baer)krApt] adj.
If someone is bankrupt, then they are unable to pay their debts.
—► The store had few customers and soon went bankrupt.
conform [kanfoxm] v.
To conform to rules or laws is to obey them.
—►The new student had to conform to the school’s dress code.
employ [impldi] v.
To employ someone means to give work to them.
—►The bookstore employed two full-time clerks.
expel [ikspel] v.
To expel someone means to force them to leave a place.
—►Since he would not follow the rules, the principal had to expel the student.
extension [ikstenfan] n.
An extension is a part added to something to give it more time or space.
—►My parents decided to add an extension to our house for the new baby.
forthcoming [forekAmir]] adj.
If something is forthcoming, then it is about to happen in the future.
-*■ Some economists predicted that the forthcoming world economy would be severe.
furnish [farm/] v.
To furnish means to put furniture in a house or room.
—►Most homes are furnished with tables, chairs, and beds.
hygiene [haidjiin] n.
Hygiene is the conditions or methods needed for health and cleanliness.
-+ People who brush their teeth at least twice a day are practicing good hygiene.
hygienic [haicfeinik] adj.
If something is hygienic, then it is clean and unlikely to cause disease.
-» My sister works very hard to keep her entire home as hygienic as possible.
landlord [laenc/loird] n.
A landlord is a man who rents property to a person.
—►The landlord collected everyone’s rent money on the first day of every month.
lease [ii:s] v.
To lease means to rent property, usually an apartment or land.
-» When the family first leased the apartment, the rent was very low.
mandatory [msendato:ri] adj.
If something is mandatory, then it is required by law.
—►It’s mandatory that everyone be at least sixteen to drive a car in the US.
m e n d [mend] v.
To mend something means to fix it when it is broken or damaged.
-+ Mother mended the rip in my pants with a piece of cloth.
mortgage [md:rgid3 ] n.
A mortgage is a loan for property, especially homes and businesses.
—►When they bought their new home, the married couple had to sign a mortgage.
personnel [parsanel] n.
Personnel are employees in a business.
-» When business increased, we had to hire more personnel.
plumbing [plAmit]] n.
Plumbing is the system of pipes used in a home to supply water.
—►When the plumbing stopped working, no one was allowed to use the toilets.
tenant [tenant] n.
A tenant is a person who rents property from a landlord.
-» The new tenants moved into the house across the street.
trendy [trendi] adj.
If something is trendy, then it is very popular and new.
-* Carlo bought a trendy new car.
utility [ju:tflati] n.
A utility is a business that supplies services such as water or electricity.
—►If you don’t pay the utilities, you may have your electricity turned off.
whereby [ftwearbai] conj.
Whereby means by which or through which.
-* The mayor had a new bridge built whereby the citizens could cross the river.
The Resourceful Landlord
A kind landlord was afraid that he would lose his apartment building. He needed to
make some mandatory repairs to the old building, or his tenants would have to leave by the
end of the month. Without tenants to lease the rooms, the landlord would be unable to pay
his mortgage. He’d be bankrupt, and the bank would take his building.
But he didn’t have the money whereby he could employ the personnel needed to make
the repairs. It would seem like he did not want to conform to the city’s codes before the
forthcoming inspection. He had requested an extension, but it was denied by the city.
He held a meeting with his tenants and explained the unfortunate situation. “If the
building does not meet the appropriate standards for safety and hygiene,” he said, “the
city will expel everyone.”
The tenants were all sad for the kind old man.
“Maybe we can help,” the hairdresser who lived on the first floor stated. The other
One tenant had worked for the city’s utilities. He knew a lot about plumbing, so that’s
how he helped. Another tenant was a carpenter; he mended the holes in the floor and
walls. Others cleaned the building from top to bottom so that it was more
hygienic. They even furnished some of the apartments with new beds,
dressers, and chairs. When they were done, all of the people dispersed,
and the landlord went home to rest.
When the deadline of the inspection arrived, the apartment
building was hygienic and safe. The landlord couldn’t believe it. His
old building now looked like one of the trendiest buildings in town.
The building passed its inspection, and
the landlord and the tenants had a big
“Thank you all so much,” the
landlord said during the party. “I could
never have done it by myself. But by
working together, we now all have a
beautiful place to live.