beneficial [benatp] adj.
If something is beneficial, it is good for you.
-* Drinking milk everyday is beneficial to your bones.
birthplace [baxepleis] n.
A birthplace is a place where a person is born or where something started.
-* China is the birthplace of chopsticks.
capacity [kspaesati] n.
The capacity of something is the amount of things that can be put in it.
-* The parking lot has reached its full capacity.
comparative [kampaerativ] adj.
If something is comparative, it is being judged based on something else.
-* The money that John has is comparative to most other adults.
comprehensive [kdmprihensiv] adj.
If something is comprehensive, it has all the details about something else.
-+ The teacher gave us a comprehensive review for the exam.
conserve [kansa:n/] V.
To conserve something is to protect it from being ruined or used completely.
— The group worked to conserve the beauty of Europe’s national parks.
crucial [kru:jsl] adj.
If something is crucial, it is extremely important to another thing.
-» Clean air is crucial to the survival of humans, plants, and animals.
cumulative ikju imjaleitiv] adj.
Cumulative describes an increase by adding one after another.
-» The cumulative snowfall in the area is 50 centimeters per year.
deposit [dipazit] v.
To deposit something is to put it into a place or another thing.
-+ 1 deposited the money into my bank account.
distribute [distnbju:t] v.
To distribute something is to give it to a number of people.
The teacher distributed crayons and markers to his students.
equator [ikweitar] n.
The equator is an imaginary line that splits the Earth into north and south.
-» The equator crosses the northern part of South America.
e x o t ic [igzatik] adj.
Exotic describes something unusual because it is from far away.
-* Rebecca tried many exotic foods on her trip to Africa.
federal [federal] adj.
If something is federal, it comes from the government of a country.
-* Sometimes federal laws are different from state laws.
formation [formeijen] n.
A formation is the way that something is made.
-+ The formation of ice happens when water freezes.
frequency [fr(:kwansi] n.
The frequency of something is the number of times that it happens.
-» The frequency of rainstorms is very high, especially during the spring.
objective [abd3§ktiv] n.
An objective is a goal or plan that someone has.
-*■My objective this week is to finish my homework by 7:30 every night.
OXygen [aksid3an] n.
Oxygen is a gas that all living things need to breathe.
-+ My aunt believes that the oxygen in the country is cleaner than in the city.
rainforest [reinfo(:)rist] n.
A rainforest is a forest that is in a place where it rains very often.
-* The rainforest is home to many animals.
strategy [strsetedsi] n.
A strategy is a plan for how to do something.
-* The team came up with a strategy to win the game.
wooded [wudid] adj.
If an area is wooded, it is covered with trees.
-»Jim and Ben decided to go hiking in the wooded area by the river.
a Dying Forest
Rainforests provide much of the world’s oxygen supply. But the forests’ exotic trees
and animals are being killed to make room for farmers and roads. People have been
trying to conserve rainforests for years. But another type of forest—the cloud forest—is
just as beneficial to humans. Cloud forests are also in danger of disappearing, but little
is being done to save them.
These forests are located at the tops of mountains, generally near the equator. These
humid, wooded mountaintops are mainly in
African and Central and South American
countries. They are called “cloud forests”
because their height allows for the formation
of clouds among the trees.
Rainforests produce large amounts of
oxygen. Cloud forests produce comparative
amounts of water. The trees in these forests pull
water out of the clouds. The moisture gathers on
the leaves. When it drips, it is deposited into streams. The streams flow into towns at the
bottom of the mountain. Then, it’s distributed to people. The yearly cumulative rainfall in
these areas is 173-198 centimeters. Cloud forests can pull in up to 60 percent of that.
This water is crucial to the plants and the people in the area. It helps them survive.
Cloud forests are also the birthplace of countless species of plants that can’t be found
anywhere else. One small cloud forest has the capacity for as many types of plants as there
are in all of Europe. There are so many, in fact, that scientists haven’t made a comprehensive
list of them yet.
These forests are being destroyed with increasing frequency. Trees are being cut down,
and roads are being built in their place. Some people have an objective to get federal money
to protect the forests. But they have had little success. Another strategy is to replace the
destroyed plants. That, too, has been difficult because the plants
are so unique. There’s plenty of work to be done, but
saving the cloud forests is still a possibility.