automobile [o:tamsbi:l] n.
An automobile is a car.
-> The first automobiles were very different from the ones that exist today.
candidate [ksendideit] n.
A candidate is a person who is competing to win something such as a job.
-*■Alice is the best candidate for the job.
confidential [kdnfidenjal] adj.
If something is confidential, it must be kept secret.
-*■ The information from the meeting is confidential.
corporate [koi/parit] adj.
If something is corporate, it is related to a large business.
-> Tom enjoys working in the corporate world.
enhance [erthaens] v.
To enhance something is to make it better.
-♦ Amy’s blue shirt really enhances the color of her eyes.
era [era] n.
An era is a period of time that has something special about it.
-> During the medieval era, knights wore protective armor.
guideline [gaidlain] n.
A guideline is a rule about how to do something.
— Before they began the project, the teacher gave them some guidelines.
incorporate [ink5:rpareit] v.
To incorporate is to add something to another thing.
-» I decided to incorporate a new ingredient into my cake recipe.
interact [intaraskt] v.
To interact is to talk to or do something with another person.
-* The kids began to interact when the adults left the room.
interval [interval] n.
An interval is the time between two things happening.
-+ Tony rested for brief intervals while he worked in the yard.
mobile [moubail] adj.
If something is mobile, it can be moved easily.
-*■Mobile phones are popular because you can take them anywhere.
modify [mddafai] v.
To modify something is to change it a little bit.
-* I modified my outfit by adding a belt to it.
parallel [pseralel] adj.
If two things are parallel, they are the same distance away from each other.
— There are two yellow parallel lines dividing both sides of traffic.
phenomenon [findmandn] n.
A phenomenon is something that can be seen as it is happening.
-*■I was amazed when I saw the phenomenon of shooting stars.
pollute [palu t] V.
To pollute means to make air, water, or land dirty, unclean, or foul.
The careless factory polluted the river with chemicals.
ridicule [ridikju:0 *
To ridicule is to make fun of something in a mean way.
-* The other students ridicule Peter’s foreign accent.
solar [soular] adj.
If something is solar, it is related to the sun.
-* Using solar energy is good for the environment.
territory iterator] n.
A territory is a piece of land that belongs to a country but isn’t a state.
-» Gibraltar is a territory of Great Britain.
tournament [tuarnamant] n.
A tournament is a competition, usually with many people participating.
-* My dad is playing in a golf tournament tomorrow.
transportation [traenspa:rteijan] v.
Transportation is any type of vehicle that can carry people or things.
-+ 1 don’t have a car, so my normal transportation is the train.
The Solar Car Race
We live in a mobile society. But the cars we drive require too much gas, plus they pollute
the air. Eventually, the natural resources used to make gas will run out. So what happens
then? Many people think solar-powered automobiles are the answer. To learn more about
this type of transportation, teams from universities and corporate organizations gather in
Australia every two years for a solar car race.
The race is called the World Solar Challenge. Candidates for this tournament must
design their own cars. The teams keep all their plans confidential. They don’t interact with
other teams because the race is very competitive. And these cars aren’t just enhanced
and modified versions of normal cars. They are completely different.
The cars only have room for one person and are very simple inside—they don’t even
have a cushion for the driver to sit on. These cars are shorter and much more flat than
normal cars. Most importantly, the cars incorporate solar panels onto the outside that lie
parallel to each other. These panels are made from materials that take in light from the
sun and turn it into electric energy. That’s how they move.
These cars race over 3,000 kilometers across the Australian territories. The drivers have
to heed strict guidelines. They must stop at certain intervals to charge their batteries. And
unlike normal race cars, they can’t go very fast. They have to drive at the normal speed
limits. Although the drivers want to finish the race quickly, that is not the main goal. The
objective is to see how well the cars work under normal driving conditions.
Because of the World Solar Challenge, a new era in car making and in driving is
beginning. People may ridicule the solar cars because they look strange, but this is a
phenomenon that isn’t going away. Using the technology from the vehicles, car makers
will eventually create solar cars for the rest of us.