• amenity (amenities)
NOUN Amenities are things such as shopping centres or sports facilities that are provided for people’s convenience, enjoyment, or comfort.
■ The hotel amenities include health clubs, conference facilities, and banqueting rooms.
• commuter (commuters)
NOUN A commuter is a person who travels a long distance to work every day.
■ The number of commuters to London has dropped by 100,000.
UNCOUNTABLE NOUN If there is congestion in a place, the place is extremely crowded and blocked with traffic or people.
■ The problems of traffic congestion will not disappear in a hurry.
■ Energy consumption, congestion and pollution have increased.
UNCOUNTABLE NOUN You refer to the buildings in which people live as housing when you are talking about their standard, price, or availability.
■ a shortage of affordable housing
• resident (residents)
NOUN The residents of a house or area are the people who live there.
■ The Archbishop called upon the government to build more low cost homes for local residents.
■ More than 10 percent of Munich residents live below the poverty line.
• immigrant (immigrants)
NOUN An immigrant is a person who has come to live in a country from some other country.
■ industries that employ large numbers of illegal immigrants
■ Portugal, Spain and Italy all have large immigrant populations from Africa.
• infrastructure (infrastructures)
NOUN The infrastructure of a country, society, or organization consists of the basic facilities such as transport, communications, power supplies, and buildings, which enable it to function.
■ investment in infrastructure projects
■ a focus on improving existing infrastructure
• inhabitant (inhabitants)
NOUN The inhabitants of a place are the people who live there.
■ [+ of] the inhabitants of Glasgow
■ Jamaica’s original inhabitants were the Arawak Indians.
• neighbourhood (neighbourhoods)
NOUN A neighbourhood is one of the parts of a town where people live. [US neighborhood] * [+ to-inf] It seemed like a good neighbourhood to raise my children.
■ [+ of] He was born and grew up in the Flatbush neighbourhood of Brooklyn.
ADJECTIVE A bustling place is fu ll of people who are very busy or lively.
■ the bustling streets of Salzburg
■ Oxford was bustling with students and tourists and shoppers.
ADJECTIVE Pioneering work or a pioneering individual does something that has not been done before, for example by developing or using new methods or techniques.
■ The school has won awards for its pioneering work with the community.
■ a pioneering Scottish surgeon and anatomist named John Hunter
ADJECTIVE Something that is historic is important in history or is likely to be important.
■ The opening of the Scottish Parliament was a historic moment.
■ a fourth historic election victory
ADJECTIVE Rural means relating to country areas as opposed to large towns.
■ These plants have a tendency to grow in the more rural areas.
■ the closure of rural schools
ADJECTIVE A place that is sprawling has been built over a large area in an untidy or uncontrolled way
■ a sprawling suburb on the edge of a big city
■ The house was a sprawling ranch-style building.
ADJECTIVE Urban means belonging to,or relating to, a town or city.
■ Most of the population is an urban population.
■ Most urban areas are close to a park.
■ urban planning