Nouns:

amenity (amenities)
NOUN Amenities are things such as shopping centres or sports facilities that are provided for people’s convenience, enjoyment, or comfort.
■ The hotel amenities include health clubs, conference facilities, and banqueting rooms.

commuter (commuters)
NOUN A commuter is a person who travels a long distance to work every day.
■ The number of commuters to London has dropped by 100,000.

congestion
UNCOUNTABLE NOUN If there is congestion in a place, the place is extremely crowded and blocked with traffic or people.
■ The problems of traffic congestion will not disappear in a hurry.
■ Energy consumption, congestion and pollution have increased.

housing
UNCOUNTABLE NOUN You refer to the buildings in which people live as housing when you are talking about their standard, price, or availability.
■ a shortage of affordable housing

resident (residents)
NOUN The residents of a house or area are the people who live there.
■ The Archbishop called upon the government to build more low cost homes for local residents.
■ More than 10 percent of Munich residents live below the poverty line.

immigrant (immigrants)
NOUN An immigrant is a person who has come to live in a country from some other country.
■ industries that employ large numbers of illegal immigrants
■ Portugal, Spain and Italy all have large immigrant populations from Africa.

infrastructure (infrastructures)
NOUN The infrastructure of a country, society, or organization consists of the basic facilities such as transport, communications, power supplies, and buildings, which enable it to function.
■ investment in infrastructure projects
■ a focus on improving existing infrastructure

inhabitant (inhabitants)
NOUN The inhabitants of a place are the people who live there.
■ [+ of] the inhabitants of Glasgow
■ Jamaica’s original inhabitants were the Arawak Indians.

neighbourhood (neighbourhoods)
NOUN A neighbourhood is one of the parts of a town where people live. [US neighborhood] * [+ to-inf] It seemed like a good neighbourhood to raise my children.
■ [+ of] He was born and grew up in the Flatbush neighbourhood of Brooklyn.

Adjectives:

bustling
ADJECTIVE A bustling place is fu ll of people who are very busy or lively.
■ the bustling streets of Salzburg
■ Oxford was bustling with students and tourists and shoppers.

pioneering
ADJECTIVE Pioneering work or a pioneering individual does something that has not been done before, for example by developing or using new methods or techniques.
■ The school has won awards for its pioneering work with the community.
■ a pioneering Scottish surgeon and anatomist named John Hunter

historic
ADJECTIVE Something that is historic is important in history or is likely to be important.
■ The opening of the Scottish Parliament was a historic moment.
■ a fourth historic election victory

rural
ADJECTIVE Rural means relating to country areas as opposed to large towns.
■ These plants have a tendency to grow in the more rural areas.
■ the closure of rural schools

sprawling
ADJECTIVE A place that is sprawling has been built over a large area in an untidy or uncontrolled way
■ a sprawling suburb on the edge of a big city
■ The house was a sprawling ranch-style building.

urban
ADJECTIVE Urban means belonging to,or relating to, a town or city.
■ Most of the population is an urban population.
■ Most urban areas are close to a park.
■ urban planning