• current affairs
PLURAL NOUN If you refer to current affairs, you are referring to political events and problems in society which are discussed in newspapers, and on television and radio.
■ people who take no interest in politics and current affairs ■ the BBC’s current affairs programme ‘Panorama’
• recital (recitals)
NOUN A recital is a performance of music or poetry, usually given by one person.
■ a solo recital by the famous harpsichordist
• drama (dramas)
NOUN A drama is a serious play for the theatre, television, or radio.
■ He acted in radio dramas.
ADJECTIVE Amateur sports or activities are done by people as a hobby and not as a job.
■ the local amateur dramatics society
ADJECTIVE You use classical to describe something that is traditional in form, style, or content.
■ Fokine did not change the steps of classical ballet; instead he found new ways of using them.
■ the scientific attitude of Smith and earlier classical economists
ADJECTIVE Contemporary things are modern and relate to the present time.
■ one of the finest collections of contemporary art in the country
■ Only the names are ancient; the characters are modern and contemporary.
Verbs associated with involvement:
• assemble (assembles, assembling, assembled)
VERB When people assemble or when someone assembles them, they come together in a group, usually for a particular purpose such as a meeting.
■ There wasn’t even a convenient place for students to assemble between classes.
■ [+ in] Thousands of people assembled in a stadium in Thokoza.
■ He has assembled a team of experts.
• attend (attends, attending, attended)
VERB If you attend a meeting or other event, you are present at it.
■ Thousands of people attended the funeral.
■ The meeting will be attended by finance ministers from many countries.
• broadcast (broadcasts, broadcasting)
VERB To broadcast a programme means to send it out by radio waves, so that it can be heard on the radio or seen on television.
■ [+ on] The concert will be broadcast live on television and radio.
• establish (establishes, establishing, established)
VERB If someone establishes something such as an organization, a type of activity, or a set of rules, they create it or introduce it in such a way that it is likely to last for a long time.
■ The U.N. has established detailed criteria for who should be allowed to vote.
■ The school was established in 1989 by an Italian professor.
• observe (observes, observing, observed)
VERB If you observe a person or thing, you watch them carefully, especially in order to learn something about them.
■ Stern atso studies and observes the behaviour of babies.
■ [+ how] I got a chance to observe how a detective actually works.
• organize (organizes, organizing, organized)
VERB If you organize an event or activity, you make sure that the necessary arrangem ents are made, [in Brit, also use organise]
■ The Commission w ill organize a conference on rural development.
■ a two-day meeting organized by the United Nations
■ The initial mobilization was well organized.
• participate (participates, participating, participated)
VERB If you participate in an activity, you take part in it.
■ [+ in] Hundreds of faithful Buddhists participated in the annual ceremony.
■ [+ in] Over half the population of this country participate in sport.
■ [V-ing] lower rates for participating corporations
• resign (resigns, resigning, resigned)
VERB If you resign from a job or position, you formally announce that you are leaving it.
■ A hospital administrator has resigned over claims he lied to get the job.
■ Mr Robb resigned his position last month.
The Owl and the Pussy-cat went to sea
In a beautiful pea-green boat,
They took some honey, and plenty of money,
Wrapped up in a five-pound note…
Presenter: Now I wonder, Minister, whether you’d like to say something about the government’s proposals for banking reform.
Minister: Yes, thank-you. As I think we all recognize, the need for change in the banking sector is long overdue.
Commentator : Michalski plays it into the penalty area … to Dembinski. Dembinski out to Bajor…. Bajor beats one man, crosses the ball into the centre …
Presenter: And now we’ll hear Dvorak’s Symphony Number 9 in E Minor ‘From the New World’, Opus 95, popularly known as the New World Symphony.
Man: But darling, I said nothing of the sort!
Woman: You most certainly did! Peter was there! He saw everything…
Man: Surely you’re not going to take Peter’s word for it…
In my second year I helped set up the university radio station. It used to
broadcast everything from campus news to local bands.
Speaker 1: As a secondary school pupil I participated in regional and national debates around the country. It was challenging, and very rewarding.
Speaker 2: I’ve enjoyed concerts ever since I was a child. I used to love watching the conductor – I wanted to be one myself for a time.
Speaker 1: I was editor of the student magazine for a while. People sent in all kinds of articles. I had to choose what to include and then put it all together.
Speaker 2: I used to attend gallery openings all the time. I love contemporary art. Haven’t got much time for it now, unfortunately,
Examiner: What do you enjoy doing when you’re not working or studying?
Candidate: Well, …I’ve been involved in amateur dramatics for quite a while now. I started out as an actor, taking small parts, but now I’m directing a play. It’s a comedy about university life – written by the students.
Examiner: Tell me more about what that involves.
Candidate: Basically, I’m responsible for directing what happens on stage. I have to tell the actors what to do. I have to make sure the sets are all right – and the
lighting, things like that.
Examiner: How did you first get started?
Candidate: I wasn’t interested in theatre at all, or acting – I was quite a shy person. But my room-mate had a small part in a play and I used to go along to their rehearsals. One day he was ill and I stood in for him. I loved it.
Examiner: What else do you enjoy doing in your spare time?
Candidate: E r … I quite like listening to music. When I’m free in the evening, I like to go out and see local bands. I’m hoping that someday I’ll see a band that becomes really famous.
- What do you enjoy doing when you’re not working or studying?
- Tell me more about what that involves.
- How did you first get started?
- What else do you enjoy doing in your spare time?