current affairs
PLURAL NOUN If you refer to current affairs, you are referring to political events and problems in society which are discussed in newspapers, and on television and radio.
■ people who take no interest in politics and current affairs ■ the BBC’s current affairs programme ‘Panorama’

recital (recitals)
NOUN A recital is a performance of music or poetry, usually given by one person.
■ a solo recital by the famous harpsichordist

drama (dramas)
NOUN A drama is a serious play for the theatre, television, or radio.
■ He acted in radio dramas.


ADJECTIVE Amateur sports or activities are done by people as a hobby and not as a job.
■ the local amateur dramatics society

ADJECTIVE You use classical to describe something that is traditional in form, style, or content.
■ Fokine did not change the steps of classical ballet; instead he found new ways of using them.
■ the scientific attitude of Smith and earlier classical economists

ADJECTIVE Contemporary things are modern and relate to the present time.
■ one of the finest collections of contemporary art in the country
■ Only the names are ancient; the characters are modern and contemporary.

Verbs associated with involvement:

assemble (assembles, assembling, assembled)
VERB When people assemble or when someone assembles them, they come together in a group, usually for a particular purpose such as a meeting.
■ There wasn’t even a convenient place for students to assemble between classes.
■ [+ in] Thousands of people assembled in a stadium in Thokoza.
■ He has assembled a team of experts.

attend (attends, attending, attended)
VERB If you attend a meeting or other event, you are present at it.
■ Thousands of people attended the funeral.
■ The meeting will be attended by finance ministers from many countries.

• broadcast (broadcasts, broadcasting)
VERB To broadcast a programme means to send it out by radio waves, so that it can be heard on the radio or seen on television.
■ [+ on] The concert will be broadcast live on television and radio.

establish (establishes, establishing, established)
VERB If someone establishes something such as an organization, a type of activity, or a set of rules, they create it or introduce it in such a way that it is likely to last for a long time.
■ The U.N. has established detailed criteria for who should be allowed to vote.
■ The school was established in 1989 by an Italian professor.

observe (observes, observing, observed)
VERB If you observe a person or thing, you watch them carefully, especially in order to learn something about them.
■ Stern atso studies and observes the behaviour of babies.
■ [+ how] I got a chance to observe how a detective actually works.

organize (organizes, organizing, organized)
VERB If you organize an event or activity, you make sure that the necessary arrangem ents are made, [in Brit, also use organise]
■ The Commission w ill organize a conference on rural development.
■ a two-day meeting organized by the United Nations
■ The initial mobilization was well organized.

participate (participates, participating, participated)
VERB If you participate in an activity, you take part in it.
■ [+ in] Hundreds of faithful Buddhists participated in the annual ceremony.
■ [+ in] Over half the population of this country participate in sport.
■ [V-ing] lower rates for participating corporations

resign (resigns, resigning, resigned)
VERB If you resign from a job or position, you formally announce that you are leaving it.
■ A hospital administrator has resigned over claims he lied to get the job.
■ Mr Robb resigned his position last month.


Track 09


The Owl and the Pussy-cat went to sea
In a beautiful pea-green boat,
They took some honey, and plenty of money,
Wrapped up in a five-pound note…


Presenter: Now I wonder, Minister, whether you’d like to say something about the government’s proposals for banking reform.

Minister: Yes, thank-you. As I think we all recognize, the need for change in the banking sector is long overdue.


Commentator : Michalski plays it into the penalty area … to Dembinski. Dembinski out to Bajor…. Bajor beats one man, crosses the ball into the centre …

Presenter: And now we’ll hear Dvorak’s Symphony Number 9 in E Minor ‘From the New  World’, Opus 95, popularly known as the New World Symphony.


Man: But darling, I said nothing of the sort!
Woman: You most certainly did! Peter was there! He saw everything…
Man: Surely you’re not going to take Peter’s word for it…


Track 10:

In my second year I helped set up the university radio station. It used to
broadcast everything from campus news to local bands.

Speaker 1: As a secondary school pupil I participated in regional and national debates around the country. It was challenging, and very rewarding.

Speaker 2:  I’ve enjoyed concerts ever since I was a child. I used to love watching the conductor – I wanted to be one myself for a time.

Speaker 1: I was editor of the student magazine for a while. People sent in all kinds of articles. I had to choose what to include and then put it all together.

Speaker 2: I used to attend gallery openings all the time. I love contemporary art. Haven’t got much time for it now, unfortunately,


Track 11

  1. affrairs
  2. assemble
  3. broadcast
  4. classical
  5. establish
  6. observe
  7. orchestra
  8. advise
  9. resign


Track 12

Examiner: What do you enjoy doing when you’re not working or studying?

Candidate: Well, …I’ve been involved in amateur dramatics for quite a while now. I started out as an actor, taking small parts, but now I’m directing a play. It’s a comedy about university life – written by the students.

Examiner: Tell me more about what that involves.

Candidate: Basically, I’m responsible for directing what happens on stage. I have to tell the actors what to do. I have to make sure the sets are all right – and the
lighting, things like that.

Examiner: How did you first get started?

Candidate: I wasn’t interested in theatre at all, or acting – I was quite a shy person. But my room-mate had a small part in a play and I used to go along to their rehearsals. One day he was ill and I stood in for him. I loved it.

Examiner: What else do you enjoy doing in your spare time?

Candidate: E r … I quite like listening to music. When I’m free in the evening, I like to go out and see local bands. I’m hoping that someday I’ll see a band that becomes really famous.

Track 13

  • What do you enjoy doing when you’re not working or studying?
  • Tell me more about what that involves.
  • How did you first get started?
  • What else do you enjoy doing in your spare time?